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    新房沈阳收缩包装机 经济增长与经济衰退程度挂钩

    来源:www.syhxft.cn 发布时间:2018-03-16 返回
    新房收缩包装机 经济增长与经济衰退程度挂钩


    新房收缩包装机(全文共164个词)(红色标注词为考研重点词汇)

    Economic Development: Shrink wrap
    经济发展:新房收缩包装机
     
    Why the history of economic growth should be all about recessions?
    为什么经济增长的历史总是和经济衰退相关呢?
     
    “Throughout history, poverty is the normal condition of man,” wrote Robert Heinlein, a science-fiction writer.
    一个名为罗伯特·海因莱因的科幻作家写到,“纵观历史,贫穷是人们的常态”。
     
    Until the 18th century, global GDP per person was stuck between $725 and $1,100, around the same income level as the World Bank's current poverty line of $1.90 a day.
    直到18世纪,全球人均GDP都卡在725美元和1100美元之间,大约和世界银行目前每天1.90美元的贫困线处在相同的收入水平。
     
    But global income levels per person have since accelerated, from around $1,100 in 1800 to $3,600 in 1950, and over $10,000 today.
    但是全球人均收入水平已经开始增长了,从1800年的1100美元到1950年的3600美元,至今已经超过了1万美元。
     
    Economists have long tried to explain this sudden surge in output.
    经济学家长久以来一直试图解释这种收入上的突然增长。
     
    Most theories have focused on the factors driving long-term economic growth such as the quantity and productivity of labour and capital.
    大部分理论都专注于研究促进经济长期增长的因素,如劳动和资本的质量和生产率。
     
    But a new paper takes a different tack: faster growth is not due to bigger booms, but to less shrinking in recessions.
    但是一项新的研究有了不同的看法:更快的经济增长并不是由于更大的繁荣,而是由于在经济萧条中会有更少的衰退。
     
    Stephen Broadberry of Oxford University and John Wallis of the University of Maryland have taken data for 18 countries in Europe and the New World, some from as far back as the 13th century.
    牛津大学的Stephen Broadberry和马里兰大学的John Wallis收集了欧洲以及新大陆18个国家的数据,有一些数据甚至可以追溯到13世纪。
     
    考研重点词汇:
    recession [rɪ'seʃ(ə)n]  n. 衰退;不景气;后退;凹处
    poverty ['pɒvətɪ]  n. 贫困;困难;缺少;低劣
    fiction ['fɪkʃ(ə)n]  n. 小说;虚构,编造;谎言
    stick [stɪk]  n. 棍;手杖 vi. 坚持;伸出;粘住 vt. 刺,戳;伸出;粘贴
    surge [sɜːdʒ]  n. 汹涌;大浪,波涛;汹涌澎湃;巨涌 v. 汹涌;起大浪,蜂拥而来
    quantity ['kwɒntɪtɪ]  n. 量,数量;大量;总量
    productivity [prɒdʌk'tɪvɪtɪ]  n. 生产力;生产率;生产能力
    due to  由于;应归于
    新房收缩包装机as far back as  早在;远在